Therefore, senior citizens have health risks that need to be monitored, especially during summer. Below are a few tips to keep seniors safe and healthy in the heat of summer months.
Don’t Go Outside During Extreme Heat
In extreme heat and high humidity, evaporation slows down and the body has to work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature. Keep in mind, the sun is the most intense between 10 am and 4 pm. If you can, limit your outdoor activity to the morning and the evening.
Dress Appropriately For the Weather
The best clothing to wear in the summertime is loose-fitting and lightweight clothes in natural, breathable fabrics like cotton. Dress in light colors that will reflect the sun and heat instead of darker colors that will attract them.
Stay In An Air-Conditioned Location
If you don’t have air-conditioning in your home, go somewhere that does. A movie theater, the mall, a friend or family member’s home or a community senior center are all good options. You can contact your local Area Agency on Aging for help finding a local cooling center during extended periods of extreme heat.
Drink eight or more glasses of water and/or fruit juices every day to stay hydrated. Avoid alcoholic and caffeinated beverages such as soda, coffee and tea as they can leave you dehydrated quickly. Increase your intake if you are doing any physical activity or if the weather is particularly hot.
Protect Your Skin and Eyes
Wearing sunglasses can block your eyes from harmful UV rays and protect your vision. When outdoors, protect your skin from damage by wearing hats, sunglasses and a sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher and that protects against both UVA and UVB radiation.
Monitor Medication Side-Effects
Some medications can cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Look over your medications and talk with your doctor about any concerns or questions you have.
Pay Attention To Early Warning Signs
Signs to look for may include disorientation, dry skin, excessive tiredness, headache, lethargy, nausea, a flushed face, high body temperature, rapid pulse, dizziness and confusion. Take immediate action if you feel any symptoms coming on.
Stay In Contact
Prepare a list of emergency phone numbers and place them in an easy-to-access area in case needed.
As a caregiver or loved one, you can help seniors beat the heat by:
• Visiting at least twice a day
• Watching for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke
• Making sure they have access to air conditioning
• Helping them limit their exposure to the sun
• Making sure they are getting enough fluids to keep them hydrated and have a normal body temperature